Asparagus officinalis is a spring vegetable, a flowering perennial plant species in the genus Asparagus. It was once classified in the lily family, like its Allium cousins, onions and garlic, but the Liliaceae have been split and the onion-like plants are now in the family Amaryllidaceae and asparagus in the Asparagaceae. Asparagus officinalis is native to most of Europe, northern Africa and western Asia, and is widely cultivated as a vegetable crop.
In general, 7 to 9 inches tall young shoots are harvested by either snapping or using a paring knife, cutting close to the ground level. There is no need to cut asparagus shoots far below the soil with a knife. This may injure other erupting buds on the crown. The stump that is left in the soil after snapping dries up and disintegrates. Warm weather would result in opening up of spear tip prematurely which may reduce their overall flavor and quality. Asparagus is normally harvested once a year for over 8 to 10 week period in a season.
White or blanched asparagus (spargel) spears are obtained by covering surrounding soil around the erupting shoots, depriving them of sunlight. This method, like in endive, makes the shoots turn pale through inhibition of photosynthesis. Oftentimes, its blanched spears are preferred in Europe due to their pleasant taste and delicate flavor.
What are the Health Benefits of asparagus For your Body and Healty
1 Heart Health
Asparagus contains folate which is essential for a healthy cardiovascular system. Drink little asparagus juice mixed with honey three times a day can help strengthen a weak heart.
2 Natural Diuretics
Asparagus has a high content of potassium but low in sodium.
These minerals are combined with asparagine, an amino acid active, make asparagus effective as a natural diuretic.
Diuretics are very useful to reduce swelling during the premenstrual and bloating. Diuretics also help reduce irritability, fatigue, and depression.
3 Digestive Health
These vegetables are rich in minerals and carbohydrate called inulin that can not be digested.
But in the large intestine, inulin into food good bacteria such as Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli.
Therefore, intake of inulin (asparagus) increase the amount of good bacteria in the colon which prevents the growth of harmful bacteria.
4 Preventing birth defects
Folate, once again, become the key nutrients. Without adequate folate intake, the cells of the nervous system of the fetus will not develop optimally.
Therefore, asparagus intake helps reduce the chances of birth defects such as spina bifida and lower the chances of babies born with low weight.
5. Reduces blood acidity
Asparagus juice can help reduce the acidity of the blood and help dissolve kidney stones.
Asparagus contains phytochemicals that produce anti-inflammatory effects that help relieve arthritis and rheumatism.
7 Rich in fiber
Regular consumption of asparagus increasing the frequency of bowel movements because it is rich in fiber.
8 Rich in antioxidants
Asparagus contains antioxidants that help prevent cancer and cataracts.
9 Controlling blood sugar
Asparagus helps control blood sugar levels making it useful for people with diabetes.
10 Helping chemotherapy
Asparagus enhance the success rate of chemotherapy.
11. detoxification agent
Asparagus is a detoxifying agent and can prevent urinary tract infections.
12. Increasing milk production
Asparagus is good for nursing mothers and helps the production of milk.
13. Relieve various diseases
Help treat HIV and multiple sclerosis as well as prevent scurvy and lung cancer.
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